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The insulin pump is a medical device used for the administration of insulin in the treatment of
It is also known as continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion therapy.
An insulin pump is an alternative to multiple daily injections of insulin by insulin syringe or pen.
Advantages of pumping insulin
Pumpers report better quality of life .
The use of rapid-acting insulin for basal needs offers relative freedom from a structured meal and exercise regime previously needed to control blood sugar with slow-acting insulin. Insulin pumps make it possible to deliver more precise amounts of insulin than can be injected using a syringe. This supports tighter control over blood sugar and Hemoglobin A1c levels, reducing the chance of long-term complications associated with diabetes. There are reports of alleviation or even total disappearance of resistant neuropathic pain with the use of insulin pumps.
Recent studies of use of insulin pumps in Type 2 diabetes have shown profound improvements in HbA1c, sexual performance, and neuropathy pain.
An insulin pump allows the replacement of slow-acting insulin for basal needs with a continuous infusion of rapid-acting insulin.
The insulin pump delivers a single type of rapid-acting insulin in two ways:
- A bolus dose that is pumped to cover food eaten or to correct a high blood glucose level.
- A basal dose that is pumped continuously at an adjustable basal rate to deliver insulin needed between meals and at night.
How does Insulin Pump work ?
The device includes:
- The pump
- A disposable reservoir for insulin
- A disposable infusion set