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Hypothyroidism

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Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. It is the most common thyroid disorder.

How can hypothyroidism affect your health ?


Young Hypothyroid man with Dull Facial Look & Facial Puffiness(Before Treatment)

What is Hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism means you have too little thyroid hormone ( T3 & T4 ). Hypothyroidism is the most common thyroid disorder.
It occurs more often in women , and tends to run in families.

What causes Hypothyroidism?
In adults, Hashimoto’s disease is the most common cause of hypothyroidism. In this condition, your immune system attacks and damages your thyroid, so it can’t make enough thyroid hormone.


Hypothyroidism can also be present from birth if the thyroid gland does not develop properly.

How is Hypothyroidism diagnosed?
Blood tests can measure your levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroid hormone (T4).
You have hypothyroidism when you have low T4, and high TSH levels in your blood.

How is Hypothyroidism treated?
People who have hypothyroidism must take a pill containing synthetic thyroid hormone every day to replace the thyroid hormone they lack.
Hypothyroidism is a lifelong condition, but taking thyroid hormone pills every day can prevent related health problems.

Problems if not treated
In adults, untreated hypothyroidism leads to poor mental and physical performance.  It also can cause high blood cholesterol levels that can lead to heart disease.
A life-threatening condition called myxedema coma can develop if severe hypothyroidism is left untreated.

Untreated hypothyroidism in the pregnant mother may affect the baby’s growth and brain development.

If not treated promptly, a child with hypothyroidism could have mental retardation or fail to grow normally.