Advanced Endocrine & Diabetes Hospital Super Speciality Hospital for Thyroid & Diabetes
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Hypoglycemia

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Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Glucose )

What is hypoglycemia?
Hypoglycemia is the term for low blood glucose (sugar).Glucose is produced from the food you eat, and is the “fuel” that your brain and body need to function properly.
Severe hypoglycemia can be dangerous and must be treated promptly

What is the link between diabetes and hypoglycemia?
Hypoglycemia occurs most often in people who are taking medications to treat diabetes. Hypoglycemia can also occur if

  • You do not eat when you need to or as much as you need,
  • You skip a meal,
  • Drink too much alcohol,
  • Exercise more than usual,
  • Kidney Failure
Kidney failure may often cause hypoglycemia .In kidney failure, gluconeogenesis (generation of new glucose) is reduced and kidneys can not remove insulin and Diabetic Medication  out of the body efficiently.Thus the insulin and Diabetic Medication  will accumilate in the body and further lowers   blood sugar levels.

How is hypoglycemia treated?
If you have diabetes and you have symptoms of hypoglycemia,

  • Check your blood glucose level right away.
  • If it’s low, you should eat or drink something that will quickly raise your blood sugar.
If hypoglycemia is not corrected right away, it can quickly worsen. You may become very confused and unable to manage your condition. In severe cases, you may even lose consciousness, have a seizure, or go into a coma.

Close friends and relatives should be aware of your condition and be taught how to recognize severe hypoglycemia and treat it quickly with an injection of glucagon (a hormone that raises blood glucose levels) if you cannot do it yourself.
They will need to take you to the hospital or call for emergency assistance if

  • Your consciousness is affected and no glucagon is available
  • Confusion continues after treatment with glucagon
  • Your blood glucose remains low despite eating carbohydrates or receiving glucagon

How can you avoid hypoglycemia?
The best way to avoid hypoglycemia is to :

  • Eat meals and snacks on a regular schedule(every 3 hours)
  • Test blood glucose yourself with Glucometer regularly,
  • Follow the exercise plan suggested by your diabetes health care team,
  • Check your Blood Glucose before and after exercise and titrate Insulin Dose/Medication accordingly.