Thyroid Cancer - Introduction, Types, and Symptoms Of It
Thyroid cancer is a type of cancer that develops from the thyroid parenchymal cells. Its global incidence is steadily increasing, while the mortality rate has remained stable in recent years. Thyroid cancer's clinical behavior varies greatly, from indolent, slowly progressing tumors to highly aggressive tumors with high mortality rates. There are several new cutting-edge treatment options at Thyroid Test Centers in Kukatpally, KPHB for advanced thyroid cancer, and evidence is mounting against overtreatment of low-risk thyroid cancers.
What exactly is thyroid cancer?
Thyroid cancer arises from the thyroid, a small butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of your neck. This gland secretes hormones that control your metabolism (how your body uses energy). Thyroid hormones also aid in the regulation of body temperature, blood pressure, and heart rate. Thyroid cancer an endocrine cancer, is generally highly treatable and has a high cure rate.
What is the location of your thyroid gland?
The thyroid gland is located at the base of your neck, in front of your windpipe, and beneath your Adam's apple. The thyroid gland resembles a butterfly. The right and left lobes, or sides, are connected by a tissue bridge.
Different types of thyroid cancer:
Thyroid cancer is classified according to the type of cells from which it grows. Types of thyroid cancer include:
- Papillary :
Papillary thyroid cancer accounts for up to 80% of all thyroid cancers. This cancer spreads slowly. Even though papillary thyroid cancer frequently spreads to lymph nodes in the neck.
- Follicular :
Follicular thyroid cancer is responsible for up to 15% of thyroid cancer diagnoses. This cancer has a higher propensity to spread to bones and organs, such as the lungs.
- Medullary :
Medullary thyroid cancer accounts for approximately 2% of all thyroid cancers. A quarter of medullary thyroid cancer patients have a family history of the disease.
- Anaplastic :
Anaplastic thyroid cancer is the most difficult type to treat. It spreads quickly and frequently into surrounding tissue and other parts of the body.
What signs and symptoms of thyroid cancer are there?
A thyroid nodule, which is a lump or growth in your neck, may be felt by you or your healthcare provider. If you have a thyroid nodule, don't be alarmed. Get the best guidance and support from the Thyroid Specialists in KPHB, Hyderabad. The majority of nodules are harmless (not cancer). Only about three out of every twenty thyroid nodules are cancerous (malignant).
Thyroid cancer symptoms may also include:
- Breathing or swallowing difficulties
- Vocal cord damage (hoarseness)
- Neck lymph nodes are swollen
Who is at risk of developing thyroid cancer?
Women are three times more likely than men to develop thyroid cancer. Women in their 40s and 50s are more likely to be diagnosed, as are men in their 60s and 70s. The disease can affect children as well as adults.
The following are risk factors:
- Thyroid enlargement (goiter)
- There is a family history of thyroid disease or cancer.
- Thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid gland) (inflammation of the thyroid gland).
- Endocrine diseases are caused by gene mutations (changes), such as multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN2A) or type 2B (MEN2B) syndrome.
- Iodine deficiency.
- Radiation therapy for head and neck cancer, particularly in children.
Receiving a cancer diagnosis, regardless of the type, is unsettling. Most thyroid cancers, fortunately, respond extremely well to treatment. Your Thyroid Specialists in KPHB, Hyderabad can advise you on the best treatment option for the type of thyroid cancer you have. Following treatment, you may be required to take synthetic thyroid hormones for the rest of your life. These hormones help with important bodily functions. They typically have no significant side effects, but you will be subjected to regular checkups at the Best Hospital for Thyroid Treatment in KBHB, Hyderabad to monitor your health.